Autor: Mário JDS Santos


Artigo | Barata, Catarina, Dulce Morgado Neves and Mário JDS Santos (2020) “COVID- 19 Containment Measures, Perinatal Experiences, and the Fight for Childbirth Rights in Portugal.” Medical Anthropology Quarterly Rapid Response Blog Series


Resumo: In Portugal, as in many other countries, the COVID-19 pandemic exposed the highly medicalized, interventionist, and disrespectful manner in which facility-based births were happening before the outbreak. In line with nationwide containment measures adopted to prevent the spread of the disease – particularly within healthcare institutions – several measures and procedures were readily implemented in maternal and newborn care, impacting women’s perinatal experiences and those of their families. After the implementation of these measure self-organized groups of citizens joined civil society organizations in voicing concerns over the multiple limitations on women’s rights in obstetric care services, such as birth companion prohibition, as well as in devising strategies to demand the reinstatement of those rights.


Consultar: https://medanthroquarterly.org/rapid-response/2020/08/covid-19-containment- measures-perinatal-experiences-and-the-fight-for/~

Autor: Mário JDS Santos


Artigo| Delaunay, C.; Augusto, A.; Santos, M. (2020), Invisible vulnerabilities: ethical, practical and methodological dilemmas in conducting qualitative research on the interaction with IVF embryos, Societies, 10(1), 7.


Resumo: The burden of deciding the fate of the supernumerary human embryo created in vitro in the context of Assisted Reproductive Technologies rests on the beneficiary couples or individuals who conceived the parental project. The beneficiaries must also take on the responsibility of choosing whether to donate surplus embryos either to others or to scientific research, or to request their destruction. Vulnerable beings, weakened from the point of view of their identity (facing the social stigma still associated with some circumstances such as being infertile, lesbian or a single mother), are required to have skills such as reflexivity and autonomy in dramatic situations that concern their relationship with their own reproductive body. Given the urgency of this issue at the socio-anthropological level, we are conducting ethnographic research aimed at analysing how specialists and lay people objectivate, evaluate and circulate different conceptions of the human embryo in vitro. Based on our research experience within this ongoing project, we intend to discuss some ethical, practical and methodological concerns for the researcher in accessing the field and conducting fieldwork. We take into account the fact that this research is focused on sensitive topics and on individuals who can be considered people in vulnerable situations. View Full-Text Keywords: human embryo in vitro; infertility; vulnerability


Consultar: https://www.mdpi.com/2075-4698/10/1/7

Autor: Mário JDS Santos


Artigo | Delaunay, M., Santos, M. (2020), Proximidade e distanciamento aos mundos do embrião in vitro experiências significantes em tempos de desassossego, Terceiro Milênio. Revista Crítica de Sociologia e Política, v. 14 n. 01:Travessias (I)


Resumo: Neste artigo, pretendem-se discutir as trajetórias terapêuticas dos(as) beneficiários(as) de técnicas invasivas de procriação medicamente assistida (PMA), entendidas como travessias que envolvem tensões íntimas, momentos de desassossego, bem como fissuras identitárias e corporais. Essas experiências pessoais e significantes — que não se coadunam com os formatos convencionados e uniformizados dos protocolos biomédicos — são abordadas a partir das dimensões de “afeição”, “desapego”, “perda”, “luto”, “abandono” e “libertação” em relação aos embriões criados in vitro. A análise baseia-se nos dados recolhidos de 34 entrevistas semidiretivas em profundidade e 85 questionários validados (inquérito online) com beneficiários(as) de PMA, no âmbito de um projeto mais amplo de investigação sociológica em curso, sobre os significados atribuídos por especialistas e leigos aos embriões humanos criados in vitro, tanto na PMA quanto na pesquisa científica. Esta pesquisa, por ora, mostra como o embrião in vitro se reconfigura entre o “ente vivo” e o “ser humano”, numa relação dinâmica entre “proximidade” e “distanciamento” físicos e emocionais, remetendo para o conceito de liminaridade e para as relações humano-máquina.


Consultar: http://revistaterceiromilenio.uenf.br/index.php/rtm/article/view/186

Autora: Manuela Néné


Artigo| Néné, Manuela. “The Use of Birth Plan to Support Waterbirth: A Qualitative Approach”. Journal of Gynecological Research and Obstetrics 6 2 (2020): 024-030.


Resumo: Background: The professional resistance to childbirth in water and the limitation of robust scientific evidence to support its safety constitute a context prone to the restriction of women’s freedom of choice. The elaboration of the birth plan by pregnant women who wish to experience a birth immersed in water can be an important instrument for the exercise of their choice and autonomy. This qualitative and descriptive case study aim to realize how women experienced their birth plan in two hospitals in Portugal. Results: Face-to-face and videoconferencing interviews were conducted with sixteen women witch speeches were recorded, transcribed, and submitted to content analysis, with the support of NVivo software. The mainly characteristics of the participants were: 76% had a higher level of schooling; 66% lived in a stable union with a partner; 66,7% were nulliparous; 100% were informed and prepared during prenatal sessions about waterbirth and made their birth plan with those sessions; 100% were at term gestation at the time of birth; 100% were referred for immersion in hot water during labour; after birth, all the newborns had Aqua Apgar index between 9 and 10 in the first minute and 10 in the fifth minute. The qualitative analysis allowed to identification of three thematic categories: Legitimising women’s choices; Professional resistance and the devaluation of the birth plan: triggers of violence; and, Complete birth plan success.Conclusion: The data showed that birth plan represented a legitimator of women ́s choices for experiencing waterbirth, although some of them perceived disregard and disrespect of the plan by health professionals, especially in a context of technocratic model of care. It was found that the birth plan represented a transcendence of the experience of labour and birth, enabling women to experience their choices with fullness, freedom, and specially respect.


Consultar: https://www.peertechz.com/abstracts/JGRO-6-181.

Autora: Manuela Néné


Artigo | Camargo, Joyce; Araújo, Natalucia; Catão, Lígia; Sarubbi Junior, Vicente; Silva, Lucia Cristina; Nené, Manuela; Grande, Maria Catarina (2020), “Sexuality and childbirth: a qualitative analysis of women who had a waterbirth”. Culture, Health & Sexuality (2020): 1-8.


Resumo: Waterbirth is associated with a less painful childbirth, enhanced couples’ intimacy, and positive feelings toward women’s bodies and sexuality. In a qualitative, descriptive case study involving 21 participants, we examined the sexual experiences-during childbirth and postpartum-of women who had a waterbirth in a hospital environment. Women discussed their sexuality in the intrapartum and postpartum period after having a waterbirth in public or private hospitals. Two main themes were developed from the data analysis: ‘women’s sexual pleasure during waterbirth’ and ‘sexuality after childbirth’. Experiences included transcendence during waterbirth, a feeling that it represented a unique experience, and couples’ more positive feelings about intimacy. The shared representations of women suggest that waterbirth can be a calming, joyful event for couples. During this process, they felt that it was a loving, shared event. In addition, after childbirth women experienced positive feelings toward their bodies and sexuality (including orgasm), as well as closer intimacy with their partners.


Consultar: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32484397/

Autora: Dulce Morgado Neves


Artigo | Barata, Catarina, Dulce Morgado Neves and Mário JDS Santos (2020) “COVID- 19 Containment Measures, Perinatal Experiences, and the Fight for Childbirth Rights in Portugal.” Medical Anthropology Quarterly Rapid Response Blog Series.


Resumo: In Portugal, as in many other countries, the COVID-19 pandemic exposed the highly medicalized, interventionist, and disrespectful manner in which facility-based births were happening before the outbreak. In line with nationwide containment measures adopted to prevent the spread of the disease – particularly within healthcare institutions – several measures and procedures were readily implemented in maternal and newborn care, impacting women’s perinatal experiences and those of their families. After the implementation of these measures self-organized groups of citizens joined civil society organizations in voicing concerns over the multiple limitations on women’s rights in obstetric care services, such as birth companion prohibition, as well as in devising strategies to demand the reinstatement of those rights.


Consultar: https://medanthroquarterly.org/rapid-response/2020/08/covid-19-containment- measures-perinatal-experiences-and-the-fight-for/~

Autora: Catarina Delaunay


Artigo| Delaunay, C.; Augusto, A.; Santos, M. (2020), Invisible vulnerabilities: ethical, practical and methodological dilemmas in conducting qualitative research on the interaction with IVF embryos, Societies, 10(1), 7.


Resumo: The burden of deciding the fate of the supernumerary human embryo created in vitro in the context of Assisted Reproductive Technologies rests on the beneficiary couples or individuals who conceived the parental project. The beneficiaries must also take on the responsibility of choosing whether to donate surplus embryos either to others or to scientific research, or to request their destruction. Vulnerable beings, weakened from the point of view of their identity (facing the social stigma still associated with some circumstances such as being infertile, lesbian or a single mother), are required to have skills such as reflexivity and autonomy in dramatic situations that concern their relationship with their own reproductive body. Given the urgency of this issue at the socio-anthropological level, we are conducting ethnographic research aimed at analysing how specialists and lay people objectivate, evaluate and circulate different conceptions of the human embryo in vitro. Based on our research experience within this ongoing project, we intend to discuss some ethical, practical and methodological concerns for the researcher in accessing the field and conducting fieldwork. We take into account the fact that this research is focused on sensitive topics and on individuals who can be considered people in vulnerable situations. View Full-Text Keywords: human embryo in vitro; infertility; vulnerability


Consultar: https://www.mdpi.com/2075-4698/10/1/7

Autora: Catarina Barata


Artigo| Barata, C., Coutinho, L., Manfredi, F., & Schamarella, M. (2020). Doctoral research work and work of care: reflections in times of a pandemic. Fennia – International Journal of Geography, 198(1-2), 247–251.


Resumo: In the face of the pandemic, we have been forced to adopt strategies in order to balance our doctoral work at the same time as caring for our families. As the digital turn has pervaded both social and academic milieus, we consider the potentials and shortcomings of remote interactions and approaches and how they have impacted our work and personal lives. We focus on the challenges of balancing paid work and the unpaid work of care, as well as considering potential changes to the concept of care in terms of building a caring culture.


Consultar: https://fennia.journal.fi/article/view/99192

Autora: Catarina Barata


Artigo | Barata, Catarina, Dulce Morgado Neves and Mário JDS Santos (2020) “COVID- 19 Containment Measures, Perinatal Experiences, and the Fight for Childbirth Rights in Portugal.” Medical Anthropology Quarterly Rapid Response Blog Series


Resumo: In Portugal, as in many other countries, the COVID-19 pandemic exposed the highly medicalized, interventionist, and disrespectful manner in which facility-based births were happening before the outbreak. In line with nationwide containment measures adopted to prevent the spread of the disease – particularly within healthcare institutions – several measures and procedures were readily implemented in maternal and newborn care, impacting women’s perinatal experiences and those of their families. After the implementation of these measures self-organized groups of citizens joined civil society organizations in voicing concerns over the multiple limitations on women’s rights in obstetric care services, such as birth companion prohibition, as well as in devising strategies to demand the reinstatement of those rights.


Consultar: https://medanthroquarterly.org/rapid-response/2020/08/covid-19-containment- measures-perinatal-experiences-and-the-fight-for/~

Autora: Amélia Augusto


Artigo| Delaunay, C.; Augusto, A.; Santos, M. (2020), Invisible vulnerabilities: ethical, practical and methodological dilemmas in conducting qualitative research on the interaction with IVF embryos, Societies, 10(1), 7.


Tema: Procriação Medicamente Assistida


Resumo: The burden of deciding the fate of the supernumerary human embryo created in vitro in the context of Assisted Reproductive Technologies rests on the beneficiary couples or individuals who conceived the parental project. The beneficiaries must also take on the responsibility of choosing whether to donate surplus embryos either to others or to scientific research, or to request their destruction. Vulnerable beings, weakened from the point of view of their identity (facing the social stigma still associated with some circumstances such as being infertile, lesbian or a single mother), are required to have skills such as reflexivity and autonomy in dramatic situations that concern their relationship with their own reproductive body. Given the urgency of this issue at the socio-anthropological level, we are conducting ethnographic research aimed at analysing how specialists and lay people objectivate, evaluate and circulate different conceptions of the human embryo in vitro. Based on our research experience within this ongoing project, we intend to discuss some ethical, practical and methodological concerns for the researcher in accessing the field and conducting fieldwork. We take into account the fact that this research is focused on sensitive topics and on individuals who can be considered people in vulnerable situations. View Full-Text Keywords: human embryo in vitro; infertility; vulnerability


Consultar: https://www.mdpi.com/2075-4698/10/1/7