Autora: Catarina Delaunay

Artigo| Delaunay, C. (2014). Vulnerabilidades na saúde: Controvérsias públicas em torno da procriação medicamente assistida em contextos de ambivalência e incerteza. Dilemas: Revista de Estudos de Conflito e Controle Social, 7(1)

Resumo: Neste texto, pretendo problematizar as controvérsias públicas em torno do acesso aos dispositivos de procriação medicamente assistida por parte de grupos em situação de vulnerabilidade, como os doentes crônicos (soropositivos, diabéticos e pacientes oncológicos). Entre a liberdade e a autonomia, na construção dos percursos de vida, e a regulação restritiva do acesso aos tratamentos de fertilidade, os indivíduos são convocados a assumir uma postura de responsabilidade em termos de decisão sobre seus projetos de fecundidade, ao mesmo tempo que se acentuam as desigualdades sociais, decorrentes de um recuo das funções do Estado-Providência face à crise económica e financeira generalizada.

Autora: Catarina Delaunay

Artigo | Delaunay, C. (2015) The beginning of life in the laboratory: The challenges of a technological future for human reproduction. Technology in Society, 40

Resumo: This paper analyses the underlying principles and social consequences of the increasing detachment between human reproduction and sexuality via the process of technological intervention in the biological body, with a focus on current debates in Portugal. With biomedical techno-sciences, conception has become artificial (invivo or invitro fertilization) and independent of the coital activity. The risks and uncertainties concerning the development of Science and Technique in the biomedical field applied to reproduction present important challenges and bring forth critical questions to future generations and to humanity as a whole. For example, gametes donation (heterologous artificial insemination) implies fulfilling some ethical principles such as informed consent, anonymity and gratuitous involvement; other possible problems include the potential development of eugenic aspirations, dilemmas arising from the commercialization of gametes, embryos and fetus or surrogate motherhood, from reproductive cloning or embryonic stem-cell research techniques. In this framework, new entities appear on the scene like gametes donors, cryopreserved embryos or rented wombs that demand new laws and governmental regulation. Therefore, it is essential to study which values the techno-sciences are actually redefining, the range of social choices towards these values and the consequences these choices have – in terms of parenthood rights and family ties, for example. In this context, the paper will reflect upon these new values and will question whether they are compatible or not with democratic principles such as autonomy, human dignity or equal rights. Building upon my post-doctoral research, I will approach this problem theoretically, using tools from the Sociology of Science and of Medicine, and through data analysis (such as reports from ethical committees, legislation and media).

Consultar: Dihub

Autora: Catarina Delaunay

Artigo | Delaunay, C. (2017). L’insupportable et l’incertain: proximité et dés- attachement dans l’assistance médicale à la procréation avec tiers donneur. Anthropologie & Santé, 15.

Resumo: This paper addresses the emerging tensions among couples with infertility problems who use assisted reproductive technologies with a third-party donor in France and Portugal. It is based on empirical data collected through interviews and relies on the sociological model of a plurality of regimes of engagement. Furthermore, it posits the concepts of unbearable and uncertain to analyze the relationship towards the third-party donor, which can be viewed as problematic, as well as the uncertainties of these couples as to the success of the project of having a child using biomedical technologies, after successive tests and failures. Moreover, it observes an operation of detachment from the third-party donor, through dynamics of differentiation between the living (the gametes) and the human (a child). We see operations of revision, or complete exit from the project, caused by capacity exhaustion or by the difficulty to define through that project the completeness of the person or the couple.

Autora: Catarina Delaunay

Artigo | Gomes, C. D. (2018). Mapping socio-technical controversies about same- sex couples’ access to assisted reproductive technologies in France and Portugal. Salute e Societa, 17(2), 72-89.

Resumo: This article seeks to map socio-technical controversies in France and Portugal over the extension of Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART) to same-sex couples. It focuses on controversies that, over the long term, set actors with divergent representations, interests and beliefs against each other. I approach this problem theoretically and empirically through the analysis of legislation, parliamentary debates, mass-media coverage and in-depth interviews. After introducing the article’s theoretical framework, I will briefly present the legal framing of ART in France and Portugal, which was similar until mid-2016. Despite the legalisation of same- sex marriage in France (2013) and Portugal (2010), until recently laws and public policies in both countries limited access to ART to heterosexual couples with infertility problems. I will describe the dynamics of social and legal change in both countries, comparing the breakthroughs and setbacks in France with a more linear process in Portugal that culminated in the recent adoption of non-discrimination laws concerning same-sex couples (on ART and adoption). This will involve examining public controversies surrounding the ‘traditional’ family model (a heterosexualcouple with children), listing the principles underlying the draft laws and exploring the reasoning conveyed by its promoters and opponents. I conclude that social transformations materialized in legal changes depend on both the degree of acceptance by society and the balance of power in national parliaments.

Autora: Catarina Delaunay

Artigo| Delaunay, C.; Augusto, A.; Santos, M. (2020), Invisible vulnerabilities: ethical, practical and methodological dilemmas in conducting qualitative research on the interaction with IVF embryos, Societies, 10(1), 7.

Resumo: The burden of deciding the fate of the supernumerary human embryo created in vitro in the context of Assisted Reproductive Technologies rests on the beneficiary couples or individuals who conceived the parental project. The beneficiaries must also take on the responsibility of choosing whether to donate surplus embryos either to others or to scientific research, or to request their destruction. Vulnerable beings, weakened from the point of view of their identity (facing the social stigma still associated with some circumstances such as being infertile, lesbian or a single mother), are required to have skills such as reflexivity and autonomy in dramatic situations that concern their relationship with their own reproductive body. Given the urgency of this issue at the socio-anthropological level, we are conducting ethnographic research aimed at analysing how specialists and lay people objectivate, evaluate and circulate different conceptions of the human embryo in vitro. Based on our research experience within this ongoing project, we intend to discuss some ethical, practical and methodological concerns for the researcher in accessing the field and conducting fieldwork. We take into account the fact that this research is focused on sensitive topics and on individuals who can be considered people in vulnerable situations. View Full-Text Keywords: human embryo in vitro; infertility; vulnerability