Autora: Amélia Augusto


Artigo| Santos, M., Augusto, A. (2016), ‘Se estava tudo bem, porque é que eu havia de ir a uma obstetra?’: identidade, risco e consumo de tecnologia médica no parto domiciliar em Portugal, Sociologia, Problemas e Práticas, 82.


Tema: Assistência ao nascimento/Cuidados perinatais


Resumo: O parto domiciliar contemporâneo é um fenómeno raro, pouco visível e, enquanto terreno empírico, é pouco explorado. Partindo de entrevistas a mulheres e casais que experienciaram um parto em casa planeado, o artigo pretende fornecer um primeiro retrato sociológico do fenómeno em Portugal. Este surge não como um retorno ao tradicional ou uma procura de uma experiência mística, mas antes como um acontecimento físico concreto, grandemente enformado por conhecimento científico e médico, que se inscreve numa procura de coerência identitária. Emergiram diversas perceções de risco social e de risco médico, tornando-se visível um consumo reflexivo de tecnologias médicas modelado por essas mesmas perceções. Ainda que destitua algum do protagonismo da medicina na gravidez e no parto, de facto não pode dizer-se que se trate de um fenómeno de desmedicalização


Consultar: https://journals.openedition.org/spp/2472

Autor: Amélia Augusto


Artigo| Santos, M. (2019), Augusto, A.; Clausen, J. A., Shabot, S. C. (2019) Essentialism as a form of resistance: an ethnography of gender dynamics in contemporary home births, Journal of Gender Studies, vol.28, Issue 8


Tema: ; Representações sociais e práticas da

Resumo: Feminist scholars have criticised the essentialist construction of femininity associated with ‘natural’ childbirth movements. Along these debates, planned midwife-attended home births stand as the typical representation of this counterculture. In this article, we present data from a multi-sited ethnography on Portuguese home births where we analyse how gender ideologies are reproduced and operationalised by families and home birth professionals. Our findings illustrate how home birth care and associated practices are configuring apparently contradicting gender ideologies. Essentialist perspectives, which conceive birth as an opportunity to reconnect with women’s oppressed femininity, coexist with non-binary conceptions of gender, where masculinity and femininity are regarded as fluid forms of energy that everyone has in different degrees, and where men are potentially welcomed in the birth setting, either as fathers or as professionals. Given the androcentric references of modern obstetrics and the marginal position of home birth, we argue that essentialism was constructed as a form of resistance.


Consultar: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/09589236.2019.1650256?journalCode=cjgs20

Autora: Amélia Augusto


Artigo| Delaunay, C.; Augusto, A.; Santos, M. (2020), Invisible vulnerabilities: ethical, practical and methodological dilemmas in conducting qualitative research on the interaction with IVF embryos, Societies, 10(1), 7.


Tema: Procriação Medicamente Assistida


Resumo: The burden of deciding the fate of the supernumerary human embryo created in vitro in the context of Assisted Reproductive Technologies rests on the beneficiary couples or individuals who conceived the parental project. The beneficiaries must also take on the responsibility of choosing whether to donate surplus embryos either to others or to scientific research, or to request their destruction. Vulnerable beings, weakened from the point of view of their identity (facing the social stigma still associated with some circumstances such as being infertile, lesbian or a single mother), are required to have skills such as reflexivity and autonomy in dramatic situations that concern their relationship with their own reproductive body. Given the urgency of this issue at the socio-anthropological level, we are conducting ethnographic research aimed at analysing how specialists and lay people objectivate, evaluate and circulate different conceptions of the human embryo in vitro. Based on our research experience within this ongoing project, we intend to discuss some ethical, practical and methodological concerns for the researcher in accessing the field and conducting fieldwork. We take into account the fact that this research is focused on sensitive topics and on individuals who can be considered people in vulnerable situations. View Full-Text Keywords: human embryo in vitro; infertility; vulnerability


Consultar: https://www.mdpi.com/2075-4698/10/1/7